Glossary

Please find links to my Glossary blog posts, where I explain some of the oddball terms and acronyms we use when talking about Diabetes. Links provided to blog posts where applicable.

BG = Blood Glucose
BSL’s = Blood Sugar Levels
Basal = This refers to background insulin which keeps blood sugars stable between meals
Bolus = Refers to the insulin taken before eating a meal / snack or as a correction dose
CGM = Continuous Glucose Meter (like the Dexcom, which you can Google for more info.)
DKA = Diabetic Ketoacidosis – a complication of type 1 diabetes, following very high BG levels, where the body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones.
DP = Dawn Phenomenon – term for an increase in BG levels due to the body releasing hormones during the early morning. Please read blog post linked.
FGM = Flash Glucose Meter (like the Freestyle Libre, which you can Google for more info.)
GI = Glycaemic index - how quickly or slowly a carbohydrate food is digested and glucose released into the blood stream 'low GI' food is absorbed more slowly, high GI more quickly
HbA1c = Haemoglobin A1 c Test - you can read about that here
Hypo = Hypoglycaemia (this means blood sugar level is too low)
Hyper = Hyperglycaemia (this means blood sugar level is too high)
ICE = In Case of Emergency
IOB = Insulin on Board
MDI = Multiple daily injections
PWD = Person with Diabetes
PWD’s = People with Diabetes
Somogyi Effect / Somogyi Rebound Effect = term for an increase in BG levels due to the body releasing hormones in response to a prolonged overnight hypo. Please read blog post linked.
T1D = Type 1 Diabetes
T2D = Type 2 Diabetes
YDMV = Your Diabetes may vary