Diabetes Acronyms & Abbreviations

Another one for our Glossary Page.

Here are the most common acronyms and abbreviations you’ll find here on The Level Scoop. I’m sure there will be more to follow, so I’ll add them to the Glossary Page as we go.


BG = Blood Glucose
BSL’s = Blood Sugar Levels
Basal = This refers to background insulin which keeps blood sugars stable between meals
Bolus = Refers to the insulin taken before eating a meal / snack or as a correction dose
CGM = Continuous Glucose Meter (like the Dexcom, which you can Google for more info.)
DKA = Diabetic Ketoacidosis – a complication of type 1 diabetes, following very high BG levels, where the body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones.
DP = Dawn Phenomenon – term for an increase in BG levels due to the body releasing hormones during the early morning.
FGM = Flash Glucose Meter (like the Freestyle Libre, which you can Google for more info.)
GI = Glycaemic index - how quickly or slowly a carbohydrate food is digested and glucose released into the blood stream 'low GI' food is absorbed more slowly, high GI more quickly
HbA1c = Haemoglobin A1 c Test - you can read about that here
Hypo = Hypoglycaemia (this means blood sugar level is too low)
Hyper = Hyperglycaemia (this means blood sugar level is too high)
ICE = In Case of Emergency
IOB = Insulin on Board
MDI = Multiple daily injections
PWD = Person with Diabetes
PWD’s = People with Diabetes
T1D = Type 1 Diabetes
T2D = Type 2 Diabetes
YDMV = Your Diabetes may vary